This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and shared and how you can get access to this information. View this Notice as a PDF
We understand that health information about you is personal. We are committed to protecting your privacy and your health information. We will not use or disclose your health information without your authorization, except as described in this notice.
How We May Use and Disclose Your Health Information
We may use and disclose your health information in the following situations:
- Treatment. We may use your health information to provide you with treatment or services. We may disclose information about you to doctors, nurses, aides, therapists, social workers, pharmacists, technologists or other health care personnel or support staff involved in providing services to you, including physicians or other health care providers who will care for you after you leave our facility.
- Payment. We may use and disclose your health information so that the treatment and services you receive at Grace Cottage may be approved by, billed to and paid by a third party payer, such as an insurance company, Medicare or Medicaid. For example: The information on or accompanying the bill will include information that identifies you, as well as your diagnosis, procedures and supplies used.
- Health Care Operations. We may use and disclose your health information for the operations necessary to run our facility, to meet our legal obligations and to assess the quality of care we provide. For example: We may use your health information to review our treatment and services and to evaluate the performance of our employees, staff and business associates in serving you. Members of our medical staff, clinical managers or the quality and risk management team may use your health information to assess your care and outcomes. This information will then be used in an effort to continually improve the quality and effectiveness of the health care services we provide. We may disclose this information to our doctors, nurses, aides, therapists, social workers, pharmacists, technologists and other health care personnel and support staff as necessary for review and learning purposes. We may also combine health information we have with health information from other providers to compare how we are doing and to see where we can make improvements. In these instances, we will remove information that identifies you from this health information so others may study it without learning the identity of you or other consumers.
- Appointment reminders. We may contact you to provide reminders about appointments with your doctor or other health care provider.
- Information about treatment alternatives. We may contact you with information about treatment alternatives or other health related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.
- Business Associates. There are some services provided in our organization through contracts with business associates. Examples include, but are not limited to, certain laboratory tests that are performed at other facilities, auditing activities relative to billing practices and services by certain specialists. When these services are contracted, we may disclose your health information to our business associate so that they can perform the job we’ve asked them to do and bill you or your third party payer for services rendered. So that your health information is protected, however, we require the business associate to appropriately safeguard your information.
- Grace Cottage Hospital Inpatient Directory. Unless you notify us at the time of intake, or later in writing, we may use your name, location in our hospital, general condition and religious affiliation for directory purposes. This information may be provided to members of the clergy and, except for religious affiliation, to the people who ask for you by name.
- Notification. We may use or disclose information to notify or assist in notifying a family member, personal representative or another person responsible for you, of your location and general condition. If we are unable to reach your family member or personal representative, then we may leave a message for them at the phone number you or they have provided us.
- Communication with Family. Unless you have notified us that you object, our health professionals may disclose to your close family members, civil union partner or reciprocal beneficiary your health information relevant to that person’s involvement in your care or payment related to your care.
- Choose Someone to Act for You. If you are unable to do so yourself and you have given a person medical power of attorney, that person can exercise your rights and make choices about your health information. A legal guardian has the right to make choices about your health information.
- Fundraising Activities. Your demographic information and dates of health care, but not your protected health information, may be disclosed to Grace Cottage Foundation personnel and fundraising business associates for inclusion on the mailing list of Cottage Door and other fundraising literature related to Carlos G. Otis Health Care Center, Inc. or for telephone contact by those fundraising personnel. There will be no further release of your information without your authorization. For example: If Grace Cottage desired to create a fundraising brochure with photos of or comments from persons served, fundraising personnel would inquire whether or not you would be willing to participate. Participation would be voluntary and, if you agreed, you would be asked to give us written authorization for that specific purpose. You will also be given the option to opt out of further mailings or contacts.
- Research. Under certain circumstances, we may use and disclose your health information for research purposes. For example: A research project may involve comparing the health and recovery of all patients who received one medication to those who received another medication for the same condition. All research proposals are subject to an approval process. An Institutional Review Board or a Privacy Board must review and approve the research proposal and the protocol for ensuring the privacy of your health information. The Board approving the research will determine whether or not the project demands your written authorization. For example: If the researcher will need your identification for the project, you will be given the opportunity to participate or to decline to participate. If the researcher will be using only de-identified information, the authorization requirement will be waived.
- As Required by Law. We will disclose your health information about you when required to do so by federal, state or local law. In Vermont, this would include: child abuse; abuse, neglect or exploitation of vulnerable adults; firearm-related injuries; communicable diseases; fetal deaths; cancer and mammography results; lead poisoning; blood alcohol level after motor vehicle accident; as needed for identification by a dentist or where a child under the age of sixteen is a victim of a crime.
- To Avert a Serious Threat to Health or Safety. We may use and disclose your health information when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Any disclosure, however, would only be to someone able to help prevent the threat.
- Military. If you are a member of the U. S. or foreign armed forces, we may release health information about you as required by military command authorities who have followed appropriate federal regulations in seeking the information.
- Workers’ Compensation. We may release health information about you for workers’ compensation or similar programs as authorized by Vermont law. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illnesses.
- Public Health Risks. We may disclose health information about you for public health activities. These activities generally include the following:
- To prevent or control disease, injury or disability.
- To report deaths.
- To report child abuse or neglect.
- To report abuse, neglect or exploitation of vulnerable adults – Any suspicion of abuse, neglect, or exploitation of the elderly (age 60 or older), or a disabled adult with a diagnosed physical or mental impairment must be reported.
- To report reactions to medications or problems with products.
- To notify individuals of recalls of products they may be using.
- To notify an individual who may be exposed to a disease or may be at risk for contracting or spreading a disease or condition.
- Health Oversight Activities. We may disclose health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, but are not limited to, audits, investigations, inspections and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs and compliance with civil rights laws.
- Legal Proceedings and Disputes. If you are involved in a lawsuit or a dispute, we may disclose your health information in response to a court or administrative order or in a response to a legal subpoena.
- Public Health Officials and Funeral Home Directors. In the event of your death, we may disclose your health information to a coroner or medical examiner. This may be necessary, for example, to identify a deceased person or determine the cause of death. We may also disclose your health information to funeral directors to enable them to carry out their duties.
- Individuals in Custody. If you are an inmate or in a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may disclose your health information to the correctional institution or law enforcement official if the information is necessary (1) for provision of health care by the correctional institution, (2) to protect the health and safety of you or others, (3) for the safety and security of the correctional institution.
- Organ Procurement Organizations. We may share health information about organ and donor request.
Your Rights Regarding Your Health Information
We will provide you with any assistance (physical, communicative, etc.) you need in order to exercise your rights.
You have the following rights regarding information we maintain about you:
- Right to access. You have the right to inspect and obtain a copy of your health information upon your written request. However, you do not have a right of access to psychotherapy notes or information compiled in reasonable anticipation of a civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding. Also, your right of access may be limited if providing certain health information, in the judgment of your physician or other licensed health care professional, may endanger the health or safety of yourself or others. To request access to your medical record, call the Medical Records department during business hours. We will respond to your request as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days from the date of your request. If access is denied you will receive a denial letter within 30 days. There is an appeals process. We have the right to charge a reasonable fee for providing copies of your health information.
- Right to Amend. If you feel that health information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept by or for Carlos G. Otis Health Care Center, Inc.
- Right to an Accounting of Disclosures. You have the right to request a list of the disclosures we made of your health information with the following limitations. The list will not include the following disclosures:
- To the patient or his/her personal representative;
- To carry out treatment, payment or operational activities;
- To discuss the patient’s health care with a family member or other individual involved in his/her care, or for other permitted notification purposes;
- For national security or intelligence purposes;
- To correctional institution or to law enforcement and the patient is currently an inmate;
- Pursuant to an authorization;
- As part of a limited data set;
- Disclosures prior to April 14, 2003.
The request must be in writing to the Privacy Officer. We will respond to your request as soon as possible, but no later than 60 days from the date of your request. We will provide you with one accounting every 12 months free of charge. We will charge a reasonable fee for additional lists within the same 12 month period.
- Right to Request Restrictions. You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the health information we use or disclose about you for treatment, payment or healthcare operations. You also have the right to request a limit on the health information we disclose to persons involved in your care or payment for your care, like a family member. We are not required to agree to your restriction request. If we do agree, we will comply with your request unless the information is needed to provide you emergency treatment. In that case, we will ask that the recipient to not further use or disclose the restricted health information. To request restrictions, you must make your request in writing to The Privacy Officer. In your request, you must tell us (1) what information you want to limit, (2) whether you want to limit use, disclosure or both; and (3) to whom you want the limits to apply, for example, disclosures to your spouse. If you pay for a service or health care item out-of-pocket in full, you can ask us not to share that information for the purpose of payment or our operations with your health insurer. We will honor this request unless a law requires us to share information.
- Right to Request Confidential Communications. You have the right to request that we communicate with you about health matters in a certain way or at a certain location. For example you can ask that we only contact you at work or by mail. We will not ask you the reason for your request. We will accommodate all reasonable requests. Your request must be in writing, must specify how or where you wish to be contacted, and must be submitted to the Privacy Officer.
- Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice. You have the right to a paper copy of this notice. You may ask us to give you a copy of the current notice at any time. To obtain a paper copy of this notice, contact Carlos G. Otis Health Care Center, Inc. at (802) 365-7357.
- Right to Receive a Written Notification of a Breach: You have a right to receive a written notification if your health information has been breached.
P.O. Box 216
Townshend, VT 05353